Farms are generally from £50 to £200 a year; one of £400. The workhouse location and layout are shown on the 1904 map below.
There are no commons or waste lands; the whole parish has been enclosed many years. St Thomas workhouse site, 1904 The workhouse layout was based on Kempthorne's standard hexagonal Y-plan design.
Later Additions: Budleigh Salterton (1894), Dotton (1858), Newton Poppleford (1898).
Its operation was overseen by an elected Board of Guardians, 61 in number, representing its 49 constituent parishes as listed below (figures in brackets indicate numbers of Guardians if more than one): Devon: Alpington, Ashton, Ashcombe, Aylesbear, Bicton, Brampfordspeke, Broad Clist (2), Bridford, Christow, Clist Hidon, Clist St Lawrence, Colaton Rawleigh, Doddiscombsleigh, Dunchediock, Dunsford, East Budleigh (2), Exminster, Exmouth and Littleham (3), Farringdon, Heavitree (2), Holcomb Burnel, Honiton Clist, Huxham, Ide, Kenn, Kenton (2), Lympstone, Mamhead, Nether Exe, Otterton, Pinhoe, Poltimore, Powderham, Rockbeare, Rewe, Shillingford St George, Sawton, St Leonard's, St Thomas (4), St Mary Clist, St George Clist, Stoke Canon, Tedborne St Mary, Topsham (3), Upton Pine, Whimple, Whitecombe Rawleigh, Whitestone, Woodbury (2).
St Thomas Poor Law Union was formed on 21st April 1836.
The Poor are in general maintained by weekly pensions ; some receive occasional relief.
This was erected in two stages and its two blocks were known as the Victoria Block (date unknown) and the later Albert Block dating from 1897. In 1894, the British Medical Journal set up a "commission" to investigate conditions in provincial workhouses and their infirmaries.
St Thomas hospital block from the south-east, 2001. A chapel was also erected in the north-eastern yard. Following a visit to St Thomas, the commission's report was broadly favourable.
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All have relief from the parish in money, or corn at a reduced price. a week by piece work on an average throughout the year.
No labourer can at present maintain himself, wife and children on his earnings.
It closed in 1990 but in 1996 it was operating as Redhills House Day Centre for mental patients, under Exeter Community Health Trust, before its redevelopment for residential use.
In October 1908, the union bought a house known as Chase Villa at 49-51 Church Road, Exeter. Children from the home originally attended St Thomas Girls and Infants School in Union Street, built in 1873, or the girls and infants school in Okehampton Road, which opened in 1891.
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